OpenEthereum client currently supports 2 VM types - EVM and WebAssembly, with EVM being default. OpenEthereum can choose to run WebAssembly VM for the specific contract if and only if BOTH are true:
wasmActivationTransition is present in json chain specification file).
00 61 73 6d, i.e. same as ‘\0asm’).
If OpenEthereum chooses WebAssembly VM to run the contract, it’s bytecode should satisfy the constraints of contract’s ABI. If it doesn’t satisfy all constraints such a contract will be rejected and the error returned.
Before the execution of the Wasm contract it’s code will be instrumented with the following modifications:
Each of the steps above can result in error described in the correspondng links, and OpenEthereum MUST stop execution and return the error in this case.
Then OpenEthereum instantiates the module according to the WebAssembly specification. This instantiation code can also result in a trap, in this case OpenEthereum MUST finish execution of the bytecode with the error.
If the instantiation code produced no trap, OpenEthereum executes exported function with a name
call according to WebAssembly Execution specification.